Participial Adjectives: Grammar Guide

by | May 20, 2024

Participial Adjectives: Grammar Guide – 

This video lesson offers rules and examples for understanding participial adjectives and using them to create great English sentences.

When working with participial adjectives, remember the rule: Use Present Participle (-ing) for CAUSE and Past Participle (-ed) for RESULT.

Some of the more common verbs that allow such adjectives include:

  •  alarm
  • amuse
  • astonish
  • bore
  • challenge
  • comfort
  • confuse
  • depress
  • disappoint
  • embarrass
  • excite
  • exhaust
  • fascinate
  • frighten

  • frustrate
  • inspire
  • intimidate
  • interest
  • puzzle
  • relax
  • satisfy
  • shock
  • surprise
  • tempt
  • threaten
  • thrill
  • tire

Thanks for watching this grammar guide!

To continue building your grammar skills, be sure to see my favorite ESOL grammar resource: Grammar in Use (American English) by Raymond Murphy (available on Amazon)

Also, be sure to check out some of my other posts for English Language Learners


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Participial Adjectives - English Grammar


Mark Pedrin

Mark Pedrin


Mark is an English instructor and communication specialist. He loves helping people develop language skill and insight so that they can reach their personal and professional goals.